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Dunn’s Civics > Black History > Crafting a Black Identity in the American Empire

African Americans in War

African Americans have participated in every U.S. conflict from the Revolutionary War... 

 Crispus Attucks being shot during the Boston Massacre

Crispus Attucks being shot during the Boston Massacre


...and the Civil War... 

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...to the two World Wars and every war since.

 Harlem Hell Fighters in France, 1919

Harlem Hell Fighters in France, 1919

 Tuskegee airmen in Italy, 1945

Tuskegee airmen in Italy, 1945


The segregation of African Americans in the United States Military came to an official end with President Truman’s  Executive Order 9981.  

The Fahy Commission which the President instituted to guide his decision had seven members, two of whom were from the Oberlin community: College President William Stevenson and Mr. E. W. Kenworthy, Oberlin College graduate.”

Summarize Executive Order 9981

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 William E. Stevenson President of Oberlin College (1946-1959)

William E. Stevenson President of Oberlin College (1946-1959)