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Dunn’s Civics > Black History > Crafting a Black Identity in the American Empire

The Freedmen's Bureau

The Freedmen’s Bureau was initiated by President Lincoln on March 3, 1865 during Reconstruction to aid former slaves through food, housing, education, health care and employment contracts.  It was disbanded in 1871 by President Ulysses S.Grant.

 A Bureau agent stands between Southern whites and Freedmen

A Bureau agent stands between Southern whites and Freedmen

 Poster attacking the Freedmen's Bureau

Poster attacking the Freedmen's Bureau

List the arguments for and against America’s first Poverty Program - and the second and the third.